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I would be thrilled if the data in this chart was all 100% accurate, but this is unlikely. This is one of the costs of working solo. There is no in-house sober-second thought. I rely on readers to set me straight when they spot errors, and promise to fix them as soon as I can. The deeds referenced are not all the available deeds - only the ones that I have had time to get to. There will be more.
Sharon Oddie Brown. June 29, 2013.
Updated: September 2, 2016. 1639 & 1677 entries.
Updated: October 10. 1632 entry for William JACKSON.

 

Timeline of JACKSONs of Coleraine

 

SEE ALSO:

 

Date

Event

1605

The Joseph JACKSON who became Master of the Clothworkers in 1623 donated £10 for Pewter. SOURCE: 'Observations on the Clothworkers' Company', City of London Livery Companies Commission. Report; Volume 1 (1884), pp. 333-341.

1606

King James I of England and VI of Scotland becomes a Clothworker. SOURCE: The Clothworkers Company Timeline.

1609

The Clothworkers Company invests in the Ulster Plantation. SOURCE: The Clothworkers Company Timeline. One of the best-known Livery Companies was the Clothworkers. They were granted the land on the west of the Bann where they were responsible for building the Clothworker’s building at the end of the Bann Bridge and developing the Killowen area. 

When King James I granted a lease for the property to the Clothworker’s Company in 1609 there was a cottage located on the castle foundations. Later on William Jackson demolished the cottage and built Jackson Hall. It finally became known as the Manor House and was demolished to form part of the car park at the rear of the County Hall. SOURCE: The Last Coleraine Militia.

1610

In 1610 the Londoners came to an agreement with Sir Randal MacDonnell, the lord of County Antrim. Coleraine town, the fisheries and an area with a three-mile radius around Coleraine on the east side of the Bann became part of Co Londonderry. That three-mile area was taken over and developed by The Honourable The Irish Society itself. This new territory was known as The Liberties.

The Parish Churches of St. Patrick’s and St. John the Baptist (Killowen) became Protestant churches. SOURCE: The Last Coleraine Militia.

1612

Corruption was rampant in the development of Coleraine. SOURCE: The Last Coleraine Militia.

1616

Sir Robert McCLELLAND of Bombie, Kilcudbrightshire, Scotland became the chief tenant or “first farmer” of Clothworkers, and imported Scots to reside on his estates.

1617

December 17, 1617, lots were drawn for the twelve portions of the Londonderry Plantation. The Clothworkers drew Killowen/Articlave. SOURCE: The Plantation of Ulster, Jonathon Bardon. NOTE: This was the 2nd granting of the lands – the first was to the Irish Society.

1618

In June 1618, Clothworkers were granted Killowen and also Articlave in Dunboe.

1622

The Clothworkers estate... was the only plantation that had more British settlers than Irish in 1622 (51 Irish, and 75 of the 85 British tenants were adequately armed.)... The 1622 map shows the Clothworkers manor-house on the opposite side of the Bann at Killowen but it remained “voyd” and unfinished according to the Raven map (it must have been repaired by 1637 as it was coccupied by William Barraby, the mayor of Coleraine). The lower half of the image shows the Clothworkers’ village at Aticlave with the mill powered by the local stream.... SOURCE: http://www.scribd.com/doc/94334098/londonderry page 34.

Colerain had 145 families living within its wall, 24 near the town and 50 in the suburbs. It was larger than Londonderry. George JACKSON was on the muster roll.

SOURCE: http://www.scribd.com/doc/94334098/londonderry page 47.

1622

The Muster Rolls show a Thomas JACKSON amongst those residing at Salterstown: Saltertown are Daniel HALL, Thomas
JACKSON
, Richard EVANS, Edward YOUNG, John HOWGRAVE, Widow TRAVERS, Rowland WAYBANK, Waler WALTON, Mr BIRKETT, mininster, Matthew HILL, Mr Finch Miles SHINGLETON, The PITTS, Richard AVERY, Thomas TAYLOR, Edward FOSTER, Robert SCOTT. NOTE: There is a Salterstown Castle near the western shore of Lough Neagh, south of the village of Ballyronan, in Londonderry. It was built in 1613 by the "The Worshipful Company of Salters". It was a 2-storey house with a bawn with 2 circular flankers, on land granted to them during the Plantation. I believe it was in the townland of Ballyronan Beg, Parish Ballinderry, Baron Loughlinsholin. There may be no connection, but Pynnar records that a Thomas JACKSON held a lease [sublet by Sir George Mainwaring] on 20 August, 1616, of the poll of Agharaugh, and two acres of Gortnecoshe in Co. Cavan. This tallies with a quote from Sir Thomas JACKSON's (1841-1915) daughter Amy Oliver LLOYD: My Father came of an English family, one of whom went to Ireland as an officer in the Army in Queen Elizabeth's reign- was given a grant of land in County Cavan. There is significant evidence that this family was most likely related to the JACKSONs of Coleraine. It is still a question of connecting the dots.

1623

Joseph JACKSON was a Master of The Clothworker’s Company. . SOURCE: The Clothworkers Company Timeline.

1626

Londonderry Quarterly Sessions Oct 2, 1626 Thomas JACKSON of Saltertown. Fine for not attending. SOURCE: The Summonizer Rolls (c 1615-1670).

1627

Joseph JACKSON donated Joseph JACKSON donated £22 to buy silver Basin and Ewer. SOURCE: 'Observations on the Clothworkers' Company', City of London Livery Companies Commission. Report; Volume 1 (1884), pp. 333-341.

1628

Londonderry Assizes Sept 1, 1628 Thomas JACKSON of Saltertown. SOURCE: The Summonizer Rolls (c 1615-1670).

1629

Londonderry Assizes Summer 1629 Thomas JACKSON of Saltertown. Fine for not attending as a juror. SOURCE: The Summonizer Rolls (c 1615-1670).

1630

Londonderry Muster Roll. PRONI: D/1759/3/C/2 or MIC63710

·       Patrick JACKSON from estate of Thomas PHILLIPS, Limavady, Barony of Keenaght

·       George JACKSON, Town and Liberties of Coleraine, Barony N.E. Liberties of Coleraine. NOTE: I assume this to be the family referred to in later references to lands at Steeple.

·       Peter JACKSON, Town and Liberties of Coleraine, Barony N.E. Liberties of Coleraine.

1632

In the Register of passengers leaving Chester and Liverpool for Ireland, a William JACKSON left Liverpool for Coleraine on Sept 30, 1632. He was 60 years old, hence born 1572. SOURCE: National Archives E 157/17 NOTE: He was not the William JACKSON (abt 1575-1626) of Kirkby Lonsdale who was the grandfather of most of the later JACKSONs of Coleraine. It is, however, a fit with the family narrative of going back and forth in the early years of this century.

1639

Londonderry G Sessions Jan 14, 1939 Thomas JACKSON of Saltertown.. SOURCE: The Summonizer Rolls (c 1615-1670).

1639

The Great Parchment Book records a Peter JACKSON recently occupying lands in Coleraine. Also, a Richard JACKSON nearby at Magherafelt, Co. Londonderry.

1639 The original settlers of the Jackson name came to Ulster in Charles I’s reign. There were two brothers, viz. Launcelot, at Ballymacarret, in 1639, and Thomas, who obtained about the same time a lien on lands in the vicinity of Coleraine from the Irish Society. SOURCE: Fighters of Derry: Their Deeds and Descendants, Being a Chronicle of Events in Ireland During the Revolutionary Period, 1688-91 W.R. Young, (London, 1932). p 66.

1644

Robert JACKSON was a Master of the Clothworker’s Company. . SOURCE: The Clothworkers Company Timeline.

1655

1655, June: Lease by Lord Kirkcudbright to William Rosse, John Finie, Herculus Jackson, [aka Hercules JACKSON] Dunboe parish, [Barony Coleraine] Co Londonderry, of the townland of Dingonie, in said parish, within the manor of Clothworkers, for 11 years. NOTE: I cannot find a Dingonie in Dunboe Parish. It may be: Drumagully

1657

Capt. William JACKSON (1628-1688) married Elizabeth STAPLES, daughter of Sir Alexander STAPLES & Elizabeth CONYNGHAM of Coleraine. She died before 1665, and they had no known children.

1659

Census of Ireland: James JACKSON. Ballinteerbeg, [Parish Macosquin, Barony Coleraine]

1662 1662 Subsidy Rolls (see also 1663 Hearth Rolls) Robert JACKSON - townland of Kinnyglass [Krinnyglugh], Parish Macosquin, Barony Coleraine. Goods: £3.0.0. Subsidy £1.6.0.

1663

In the spring of 1663, Captain JACKSON obtained a lease on Clothworkers’ lands. For this, his rent was £100 per annum for the 1st 6 years, pay a fine of £1,000 as well as £100 rent per annum after 6 years. Possession of this lease was blocked by Sir Robert MAXWELL who was related to as well as the agent for Sir Robert McCLELLAND. The original lease was for 51 years (hence up for renewal in 1714). SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1663

June 18, 1663 McCLELLAND's lease was transferred to Capt. William JACKSON for the rebuilding of the Clothworker's Manor House. He had a lease to run for 51 years from May 1 1669 till 1720. SOURCE: The Londonderry Plantation 1609-1914. James Stevens Curl.

1663

Hearth roll for Coleraine. Tristram BERESFORD had the largest house with 9 hearths. In Killowen parish, there were 18 householders with 20 hearths. However, after the revolution, the value of the BERESFORD properties declined, while those of the JACKSONs increased. (see p171 Coleraine in By-Gone Centuries.

1663

Hearth Money Roll 1663

#

Surname

1st Name

Barony

Parish

Townland

1582

Jacksann

James

Coleraine

Macosquin-Camus

Not specified

 

1595

Jackson

John

Coleraine

Macosquin-Camus

Not specified

1593

Jackson

Robert

Coleraine

Macosquin-Camus

Not specified. See 1662 Subsidy rolls above.

1113

Jackson

Widow

Keenaght

Balteagh

Drumagosker [Drumagoske]

233

Jackson

James

N. W. Liberties of L'Derry

City & Liberties of L'Derry

Bogside [The Bogside]

353

Jackson

Captain

Tirkeeran

Clondermot

Ballyshasky [Bellishean]

1665

William JACKSON (1628-1688) married Susan BERESFORD, daughter of Sir Tristram BERESFORD who in 1663 had the largest house in Coleraine. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  PRONI D668/2  Conveyance in trust of Rent between Wm Jackson, Killowen and SirTristram Beresford, Coleraine. Charge of £200 p.a. following a marriage settlement with Susana Beresford of part of Clothworkers Manor, Barony of Coleraine. 4 January 1665

1666

Sometime bet 1665-1668, William JACKSON (-1712) eldest son of Capt. William JACKSON (1628-1688) and Susan BERESFORD was born

1666 JACKSON, Thomas, eldest son and heir to James JACKSON a surgeon in Ballintriebeg, Ireland, late owner of Little Barron, Rothesay, 1666. SOURCE Rothsay Town Council Records, 13.2.1666 quoted p60 Scots-Irish Links, 1575-1725 Vol 5. NOTE: It is possible that Ballintriebeg is the townland of Ballinrees, Parish Dunboe, Barony of Coleraine. See also Cornelius JACKSON in 1690, likely a brother or some other close relation.

1668

Londonderry General Sessions at Londonderry City 2 April 1668.Before John Gage, Randolph Beresford, George Canning, Thos. Church, Richard Brazier, Wm. Jackson & Hugh Rowley Esqr & Geo. Holland Dean of Derry J.P’s. SOURCE: The Summonizer Rolls (c 1615-1670).

1669

Capt JACKSON was renting houses at the Waterside, Coleraine. He gained the position of wood ranger, which gave him access to timbers to build a bridge across the

Bann River. Before then, there had only been a ferry to connect the settlements on either side. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

A description of the view from what is likely this bridge: Standing on this bridge, the spectator has a fine view of the Bann on both sides of it; that to the northward embraces, among a number of decent- looking villas or farm-houses, a very pretty mansion and grounds on the left bank, close to the suburb, called, from the owner I imagine, Jackson Hall ; and the view in the contrary direction, or up the river, exhibits many neat villas, well planted with wood. Among them a parkish-looking place, on the left bank, caught my attention, and I walked along a good road, not merely to get a nearer view of it, but also

to take a look at the salmon-leap, which I knew to be about the spot. This place is named Somerset, and is held at a pepper-corn rent by Captain Bruce

 of the navy. SOURCE: A tour round Ireland, through the seacoast counties in the summer of 1835.. John Barrow

1670

Grants to JACKSON of Articlave Parish SOURCE: PRONI D668 Hezlett Papers. NOTE: He was granted an acre of land in lower Articlave to build a parish church and parsonage house. SOURCE: Bishopric of Derry. Vol i, pp 428,429.

1673

Capt. William JACKSON (1628-1688) tenant of Clothworkers estate had a dispute with the town. The Mayor wrote to the Irish Society, and an agreement was reached for a settlement on the basis that Captain Jackson would not “trouble or molest” the town court leets aka collection of taxes, “nor hinder any of the Clothworkers’ tenants from answering these leets”. This had been a long standing dispute between the town, and the Clothworkers tenants on the other side of the Bann from the town. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1677 [Thomas JACKSON] was J.P. for Co. Derry in 1677. He served all through the siege, and lost his life at the Battle of the Boyne. SOURCE: Fighters of Derry: Their Deeds and Descendants, Being a Chronicle of Events in Ireland During the Revolutionary Period, 1688-91 W.R. Young, (London, 1932).NOTE: I suspect that in this history, two Thomas JACKSONs were conflated. The Thomas JACKSON who was J.P. was likely the son of Rev. Richard JACKSON and Dorothy OTWAY. That Thomas JACKSON b. 1629, died bef 1688 (and I would guess that he would have been too old and of too high a status to serve as an ensign. The Thomas JACKSON (1680-1751) who was a son of Susan BERESFORD did not die at the Boyne. His brother John JACKSON (aft 1688-1690) likely did. That John JACKSON was buried at Kirkby Lonsdale, and may have been buried there because he had been wounded in battle, and came to his ancestral home where other members of the family were staying at the time: SOURCE: The Kirkby Lonsdale Parish Registers. "Sepult - John Jackson fil M Susanna Jackson de Ireland."

1677

Samuel Pepys is elected Master of the Clothworkers Company SOURCE: The Clothworkers Company Timeline. (NOTE: I mention this because of his association with other JACKSONs in England)

1684

17 May 1684 Letter from Irish Society [10 signatures] to John Lord Massereene enclosing a copy of Mrs Squire's list of Arrears due and asks help in collecting same in Londonderry and Coleraine. The writer's express the hope that "the fall of Woods" is stopped in spite of Mrs Davis' pessimism and they report that Mr Rowley and Capt. Jackson were ordered, on 22nd April, to obey Lord Massereene on use of wood. SOURCE: PRONI MIC500/2  

1686

25 Sep 1686 The Rt Hon. Robert, Lord Ridgeway, Earl of London Derry (Londonderry, Ire.), Bachr, abt 30 = Mrs Lucy Jobson, of Cudworth, co. York, Spr, abt 21, with consent of her mother the Lady ( ) Jackson, Wid.; at St Giles in the Fields, Midd. SOURCE: Allegations for Marriage Licences issued by the Vicar-General of the Archbishop of Canterbury. July 16798-1687. NOTE: Her mother was Lucy JACKSON, daughter of Sir John JACKSON (aft 1555-1623) of Edderthorpe, Yorkshire. This family had the same family crest as the JACKSONs of Coleraine who originally came to Coleraine from Kirkby Lonsdale. The exact relationship between the two lines is as yet unknown,

1688

Capt. William JACKSON (1628-1688) died, age 60, after fathering 7 known children.

1690

JACKSON, Cornelius, a surgeon, son of James JACKSON, a surgeon in Londonderry, 1690 [RPCS XV. 381 – Registry of the Privy Council of Scotland]. SOURCE: Later Scots-Irish links, 1575-1725 Part Four.

1691 JACKSON, James, Master of the Vine of Londonderry. arrived in the Clyde in October 1691 from Londonderry. SOURCE: Scottish-Irish Links 1575-1725. Vol. 5. David Dobson. NOTE: Although this does not mention Coleraine, it may lead to other JACKSONs of Coleraine.

1695

Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) married Elizabeth GORGES, daughter of Robert GORGES, Chief  Sec. to Ireland 1655-65 & Jane LOFTUS. Robert GORGES had been Secretary to Henry Cromwell, son of William Cromwell, and had been granted an estate at Kilbrew, Co. Meath of 2,100 acres. See also: The Life and Times of Thomas, Lord Coningsby: The Whig Hangman and His Victims. Pat Rogers

1695

William JACKSON (1695-1744) is born.

1697

Capt William JACKSON (b. btw 1665&1668 – d. 1712) stood in the 1697 by-election for County Londonderry, which followed the death of George PHILIPS MP. The election was won by James LENNOX aka LYNNOX, Mayor of Londonderry, but Jackson overturned the result and had himself declared MP for the county. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1700

In the early 1700s, it is Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) who is the one who on behalf of the Council bought liquor to entertain the Duke of Ormond, a gold box for the seal of Coleraine, and to take a leading part in Council’s affairs. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1704

As a result of the Test Act, requiring municipal officers to take the sacrament according to the rites observed by the Church of Ireland and England, several Presbyterians had to step down from municipal office in Coleraine, including Tristram and Michael BERESFORD, uncles of the late Sir Tristram (1669-1701). Their replacements tended to act in support of JACKSON, which was not surprising since 6 of them were his tenants or servants, and two of his brothers were made aldermen. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1705

1705 December 4 - Will of Samuel JACKSON NAMES: Samuel JACKSON of Dublin; Leonard JACKSON; Nathaniel JACKSON; Rev. John JACKSON of Skipworth, Yorkshire; Rev. Leonard JACKSON of Tatham, Yorkshire; William JACKSON of Coleraine (wife: Susan BERESFORD and her second husband was John MITCHELBURN); Robert JACKSON of Mary Lane, Dublin; William Robert THORNTON; William ?PSON [JEPSON?]; W. MADDEN of Kilmon; James HAMILL; Mary GILES; Robert KING; Joseph BAYLEY; Nicholas EVERELL of Coleraine; Sir William HAMILTON; M. WITHERS; Capt. Adam DOWNING of Londonderry (husband of Margaret JACKSON). OTHER PLACES: Properties in Co. Monaghan; Co. Cavan; Clifford, Yorkshire. NOTE: He died 1706, and was a brother of William JACKSON (1628-1688) of Coleraine.

1707

Council meetings in November – minutes show a rift in the Council between the new Mayor Richard LYNAM and JACKSONs. Beresford JACKSON (1668-1730) younger brother to Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) was also a burgess and one of his supporters. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1707

William CONNOLLY, a Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, brokered an agreement on November 11th, 1707 between Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) and the Coleraine Corporation to which both sides had seemingly agreed. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1708

The earlier rift in Coleraine Council intensified, and Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) turned up with supporters, many of whom were armed, even those who did not habitually wear swords. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1709

June 1709, Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) is restored as an alderman. The reconciliation did not last. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1709

In a report, Killowen is described as the town built by William JACKSON (1628-1688) as having 65 households, mostly inhabited by tradesmen who benefitted from his building of the bridge. He also benefited from the Custom House, Excise Office, and Post Office – all of which located on his side of the river to the detriment of Coleraine on the other side of the river (rents there dropped by half, and about 1/3 of the buildings were “waste”. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1710

Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) was given £100 pounds by the Irish Society for his legal costs in Dublin while suing the Corporation. The Society then wrote saying that they wanted the Custom House, Exceise Office and Post Office brought back to Coleraine, and wrote to JACKSON to get him to do this. He wrote back “to say that immediately on receipt of their letter he had locked up the Custom house, taken away a field (used for the men’s horses) and forbidden the tenant of the house who lodged the collector to lodge any collector on the West side of the Bann. No doubt he also informed the officials that this was done by the commands of the Irish Society. The Society remarked in their minutes that his overhasty zeal might have a contrary effect to what they desired.” SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1711

May 1711 Thomas UPTON, Recorder of Coleraine, was replaced by Thomas JACKSON (1680-1751), a brother of William JACKSON. He was criticised for this on the basis of doing it for his own self-interest, and also because several of the people recently elected were not resident in Coleraine. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  NOTE: I suspect that at this time that Thomas was living in Creekstown, Co. Meath.

1712

Deed: 10-44-3015 Jun 14, 1712. William JACKSON  residing at Coleraine, Co Londonderry exor of Henry BROWNE, whose son William BROWNE was raising £400 mortgage with Robert BACON on 90a profitable land & 253a 2r 26p unprofitable land, Liberties of Coleraine. Lease & Release Sworn 5 Jan 1711.

1712

Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) died. William, his eldest son, was only 17 years old. At some point (I don’t have the year) he demanded money from the Irish Society that he claimed were owed to his grandfather Capt. William JACKSON (1628-1688), who held the original lease of the Clothworkers. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1712

December 31st, Richard JACKSON (1658-1730) & his nephew William JACKSON (1695-1743) son of Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) were approved to represent Coleraine in Parliament. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1713

To understand the conditions in Ulster in 1718 it will be necessary to know the Irish Society, or as it was called legally The Society of the Governor and Assistants of London, of the New Plantation in Ulster, in the Kingdom of Ireland. This Society held sway over the present county of Londonderry, between the rivers Foyle and Bann, leasing or subletting its valuable rights and privileges to local officials. The territory about Coleraine thus came by lease into the hands of the Jackson family. Ambitious to acquire both property and power, they were often at odds with the authorities in London, and were driven by these conditions to hold their territory at excessive rates imposed by the none too friendly London directors. In the year 1713 complaint was made that Mr. William Jackson had three uncles who with himself and two tenants were aldermen, so that six out of the twelve aldermen of Coleraine obeyed his orders. Five of the twenty-four burgesses, or members of the lower house, were his tenants, and Mr. Jackson desired to fill a vacancy with another tenant of his, living ten miles away at Kilrea ; this tenant was moreover brother of a burgess, and both were sons of Alderman Adams. Thirteen members of the Common Council (which included Aldermen and Burgesses) called upon the mayor for a judicial investigation of the matter, but the mayor, who was a relative of Jackson s," refused to accede to their request although it was made according to the law. This was but the beginning of discord in the Bann valley. In 1728 the Society expressed dissatisfaction with the Jackson family, which had opposed the political interest of the Society, and had through control of the Corporation of Coleraine usurped the power to grant lands. SOURCE: Economic Conditions in Ulster, 1714-1718.

This account quotes verbatim from Scotch Irish Pioneers in Ulster and America. Charles Knowles Bolton. Boston. Bacon and Brown. 1910.

1713

November 1713, the anti-Jackson forces prevailed, and the appointments of Richard JACKSON (1658-1730) & his nephew William JACKSON (1695-1743) son of Capt William JACKSON (btw 1665-1668 – 1712) were over-ruled. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1716

Deed: 19-477-12608 Dec 12 1716. James JACKSON of City of Dublin, Gent & James BANKHEAD of Coleraine, Co. Londonderry Merchant of the other part. James JACKSON let to James BANKHEAD 11/6 part of freehold called Clanlary, Parish of Camassmacasque, Co. Londonderry. WITNESS: Benjamin JOHNSON, Clerk & Edward DALTON, Notary.

1718

Jackson "raised the rents of the tenants very considerably in consequence of the large fine he paid, it produced an almost total emigration among them to America, and that they formed a principal part of that undisciplined body which brought about the surrender of the British army at Saratoga."  The mention of Saratoga, rather than King's Mountain or Washington's army in general, suggests that these emigrants went to New Hampshire or western Massachusetts - so "the total emigration" must have been in 1718 when Rev. James McGregor and members of his Aghadowey congregation went to Londonderry, NH. [Aghadowey is in the Ironworkers Proportion, which bordered the Clothworkers estate.]

Thus Richard Jackson is generally considered to have sparked Ulster emigration to America by raising rents on the Clothworkers estate in 1717. R.J. Dickson (in his classic Ulster Emigration to Colonial America (London, 1966, Belfast, 1996), 29) demonstrated that Jackson did indeed raise rents on farms in 17 townlands from an annual rent of 200 pounds 10 shillings to 234 pounds 10 shillings for all 17 townlands. Spread over 17 townlands this would be 2 pounds per townland and only a shilling or two for each individual holding. He also quoted Robert Slade's comment that this provoked "an almost total emigration."

SOURCE: An Almost Total Emigration. Richard K. MacMaster

1720

The original Clothworkers lease was renewed to Richard Jackson of Dublin for a fine of £5,750 for another 51 years (hence due for renewal in 1771). SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  NOTE: According to Steven Curl The Londonderry Plantation 1609-1914 (Chichester, Sussex, 1986) pp. 381-384, the lease was not renewed until 1727.

1724

Deed: 45-84-27953. Feb 3, 1724. Mtg bearing date 1 May 1724 between Richard JACKSON Coleraine, Co. Derry, Esq. Of 1st part & Rowly HALL, City of Dublin, Esq. Of 2nd and Bernard BRETT of Ballynenport Co. Down, Gent of 3rd part ... in consid. Of £700 BRETT granted to HILL townlands of Ballynewport term of 100 years (but they revert to JACKSON if he pays £720).

1726

Dec 30, 1726. A memorial of indented Deeds of Lease and Release bearing date Respectively the thirtieth and  thirty first day of December: one thousand seven hundred and twenty six made and perfected between John BALL of Loghross, Co. Armagh, Esq. of 1st part & Thomas JACKSON of City of Dublin Esq. Of the other part. By which said deed and release the said John BALL for the consideration therein mentioned Did give grant bargain sell, Release & Confirm to Thomas JACKSON in his actual possession by virtue of the said lease all that tate of the old Castle of Creckstown & 106A 1R 34P of the land thereunto adjoining in the Barony of Ratbath, Co. Meath inders Rents Issues and Profitts of the same. To have and to hold the said premises with the appurtenances the said Thomas Jackson  and his heirs yielding and paying  therefore and thereout unto the said John BALL his heirs and issue for ever the yearly rent of five shillings sterling per acre for every of the said acres and after that rate for the said one Rod and thirty four perches in half yearly payment viz on every first day of May and November the first payment to be made on the First Day of May next ensuing the Date of  the said Deed of Release. Which said Deeds of Lease and Release were duly perfected on the said thirtieth and thirty first Days of December one thousand seven hundred and twenty six. . WITNESS: William CHURCH of Coleraine, Co. Londonderry, Gent; John DOWNING of City of Dublin, Gent; Henry ARKWRIGHT, City of Dublin.

NOTE: Lieut. Thomas Ball, of Fleetwood's Regt., , the father of John BALL, received grants of land in several counties of Ireland, which were confirmed under the Act of Settlement. In Crickstown, barony of Ratoath, he received "a mansion house, orchard, garden, and groves,''. They were same BALL family with leases at Urker and elsewhere in Creggan Parish. This is the Thomas JACKSON (1680-1751) son of William JACKSON (1628-1688) & Susan BERESFORD (died aft 1715).

1727 29 Dec. 1727 Letter from Richard Jackson in Coleraine to [Michael Ward]. I am just honoured with yours and it is no small pleasure to me to find that you and the rest of my friends do not blame me for my conduct since I sett up to be a Member. I hope I shall always studdy to prefer a good character before a seat in that house upon dishonourable terms. I know not yet what turn or Fate that affair will have. I find my Ld. Tyrone is indeavouring to get the Corporation out of my nephews and his friends hands by his proposall to my Bror. but as the Corporation would not avoid choosing a Mayor last Xassday, we have chosen my nephew Jackson by 18 to 16. The Mayor included in the 16. The Mayors friends declared the Election fair and the Mayor has signed my Cos's certificat and fined the seal thereto and aldn. Baccon signed it also, though he voted against my cos. This certificat was enclosed to Bror. Thos. Jackson by last post to lay before the Privey Councill. But in regard that it is given out by our opposits, that he will not be approved off, I can't agree with them since the Election is allowed by them to be fair, my Ld. Lieut. and the Councill will not disapprove. However I earnestly beg the favour of you which I hope I may without any offence, that you will let some of your friends among them know that the Election was carried without any dispute.I must also tell you that there came a letter from the Society of London to their agent here the Fridays post before Xassday, in answer to ours, letting them know how some of those members of their tenants who recommended us to their Honours in June last to be the Representatives voted against us, upon which they have taken notice to them of their disrespect to them after they readily approved of us and how inconsistent with and repugnent to themselves it was in not keeping to their engagements and order'd their agent to read their letters that their tenants should not vote for the present Mayr. to continue but for any of our body, and we could not do otherwise unless we would abandon ourselves in all that is dear, our characters, ... (p106) SOURCE:   PRONI D2092/1/3

1729

...  the standard understanding that Jackson was obliged to raise rents, resulting in "an almost total emigration." The fine would have been substantial, but it was not paid until ten years after Jackson raised rents in 1717. In this case, the new lease would have contributed to the heavy Scotch-Irish emigration around 1729

SOURCE: An Almost Total Emigration. Richard K. MacMaster

1729

The Society finding the management of the fisheries not so profitable in their own hands, let them in 1729 to Alderman Jackson for twenyy-one years, at £1,200 per annum. In 1835, however, they were again in the hands of the Society ...  The ancient and modern history of the maritime ports of Ireland. Anthony Marmion.

1729

Lease for Drondarsh, Neighretoy Bigg, Macosquin, Articlave, Ardsome and Lackagh. SOURCE: PRONI D668 Hezlett Papers.

1730

Deed: 65-274-45474. Feb 23, 1730 NAMES: John BALL of Three Castles aka Bannough, Kilkenny; Thomas JACKSON of Dublin [probably Thomas JACKSON (1680-1751) uncle of Dorothy]; Dorothy BALL née JACKSON (1696-1760); John HAMILTON; John DOWNING; William PARRY.

1733

Deed: 288-540-192635. Jan 1, 1733. William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry Esq. & Edward CARY of Dungiven, Co Londonderry

1734

William JACKSON (1695-1744) let townlands. Tenants in at least three townlands of Ballystroan paid rents of £34.9.0 and had to carry very summer season to the Mansion House near Colerain... 90 sacks of Turff”. NOTE: The Mansion House was also known as Jackson’s Hall. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1734

Deed: 101-371-71699. Nov 9, 1734. William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry to FORBES

1734

Deed: 82-207-57560. June 9, 1734. Wm JACKSON of Colerain Co Londonderry demised to Isaac TODD of same Merch. All that bleach yard with the house etc formerly belonging to Sarah MELVINS, then in possession of said Isaac...decr of land .. 35 yr lease...

1734

Deed: 104-150-72358 July 22, 1734. William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry Esq. ... lands in Dunboe to COCHRAN.

1734

DEED: 102-435-71657 Oct 25, 1734. William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry Esq.... lease of lands in Dunbose, Manor of Clothworkers, Co Londonderry to CASKEY

1735

Deed: 82-207-57562 Jul 24, 1735. Wm JACKSON of Colerain Co Londonderry demised to Thomas ADERTON town and lands of Lenon Garron  then in his possession in Parish of Dunboe, Manor of Clothworkers & Co.

1735

Deed:105-33-72359-1735 Aug 11 William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry Esq. .. lands in Drumboe to MILLER

1735

Deed:105-34-72360--William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry to LONG

1735

Deed:105-34-72361--William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry to BOYD

1735

Deed:105-35-72362--William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry to BENSON

1735

Deed: 105-35-72362 & Deed: 105-487-74424 William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry to WILSON

1735

William JACKSON (1695-1744) let townlands. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1735

Deed: 102-426-71609. Aug 14, 1735 William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry, Esq. For rent set to John HOLMES land of Ardadillon, Parish of Dunboe, Manor of Clothworkers, Co Londonderry

1735

Deed: 117-200-80312 Nov 1, 1735 William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry to TOMM

1735

DEED: 101-363-71612. Dec 1, 1735 William JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry lands of Ballystroan to MOORE.

1736

D1118/3/5/4 29 Sept 1752 Memorial of deed, (1) Henry Carey of Dungiven, esq., surviving trustee of deed of 1736, (2) Richard Jackson of Coleraine, only son and heir of William Jackson, deceased: leasehold property held from Clothworkers' Company, and newly erected mansion house. SOURCE: PRONI D/1118: Lane and Boyle Company Papers.

1741

Agreement for sale of part of the Manor of Clothworkers. SOURCE: PRONI D668 Hezlett Papers.

1741

Deed: 112-260-77952 Feb 2, 1741. Deed of Michael WARD Esq. One of the Justices of his Majesties Court & Hugh BOYD of Ballycastle late Drumwillen, Co Antrim Esq. & John ANDERSON City of Dublin Apothecary executors of the last will and testament of Richard JACKSON (1658-1730) late of the City of Dublin dec’d  of the first part. Hamilton GORGES (1712-1786) [of the City of Dublin Esq. Of the 2nd pt. & William JACKSON (1695-1744) of Colerain, Co Londonderry of 3rd pt ... reciting earlier deed... various lands... NOTE: I have inserted dates to indicate who I suspect these people are. Richard JACKSON (1658-1730) was married to Elizabeth BOYD, sister of Hugh BOYD. At the time of Richard’s death, his children were all minors. William JACKSON was a nephew of Richard’s.

1751

Deed: 208-119-13764? July 20, 1751 Revd Edward GOLDING Archdeacon of Diocese of Derry of 1st part Mary JACKSON otherwise GOLDING his wife of 2nd part & Rev John GAGE of Aughadowey Co of Londonderry ... whereas marriage had taken place between Edward GOLDING & Mary JACKSON [aka Jane Mary JACKSON b aft 1729, married abt 1751; daughter of William JACKSON & Frances EYRE] & Mary his wife had come to an agreement with Richard JACKSON (aka Sir Richard JACKSON (1729-1781) of Colerain in said Co  Esq brother to said Mary ... bond of 4,000 pounds for which Mary gave Richard a release of demands on the will of her father William JACKSON (1695-1744) dec’d

1753

DEED: 176-75-117222 July 14, 1753. Richard JACKSON Esq.of the one pt & Alexander MAKACHAN of Colerain Co Londonderry of the other.... transfer of part of townland of Donballykarn  47 acres situate in Manor of Clothmakers....

1756

Col Richard JACKSON Regiment of Foot.  

1763

Mar 6, 1763. Will of John BALL, Frederick St., Dublin, Esquire. My wife Margaret BALL, Thomas BALL, Seapark, County Wicklow, Esq., Richard Jackson, Coleraine, Esq., and Richard Jackson, (1722-1787) Forkhill, County Armagh, Esq., trustees and executors. My dear stepdaughter Martha Ransford. My stepson Robert Ransford. My sister Araminta Caulfield. A ring and plate to my daughter Dorothea Margaret Shinton and her children quite out of power of her husband Richard Shinton. My cousin Samuel BALL, now in Germany. My old servant Brian Murphy. My old friend Mrs. Elizabeth ADMS alias KYLE. My friend Mar. PATERSON, Sgt. at law, Esq. My friend Dr. Charles LUCAS.

Lands of Loughross, The Island of Loughross, Creenkill, Tullyard, Clarbane, Ratreelan, Creeockeeran and the moiety of the customs of the Fair of Cross [would this be Crossmaglen?] and the commanage thereunto belonging, Ballyonan otherwise Ballsmoore, Upper and Lower, Scarve McKea, Anahecussy Darsy, Mullaghglass, Stripe of Camolly Darsy, Lisdomgrany, Caracullen, Cargarovady and Tullynamalogee (Co. Armagh) Three Castles and other land in Co. Kilkenny. A lease of the house, gardens and 70 acres of land [situation not mentioned] to Folliot WARREN, Esq. dating from March 1763. WITNESSES: John SHEE, Charles BUTLER, Robert MURPHY. Memorial witnessed by Mark WHITE, Dublin, Esq., John HILL, clerk to WRIGHT. Richard JACKSON, seal

NOTE: John BALL’s 1st wife was Dorothy JACKSON (1696-1760). Richard JACKSON of Forkhill was Dorothy JACKSON’s 1st cousin, and the creator of the Forkhill Charity. For the Richard JACKSON of Coleraine, tghere are two possibilities. One is the Richard JACKSON (1726-1789) who was the son of Thomas JACKSON (1680-1751). Dorothy JACKSON would have been his niece. A second possibility is the Richard JACKSON (1729-1781)who was a son of William JACKSON, and hence a nephew of John BALL. Araminta CAULFIELD was John BALL's sister-in-law, not his sister as stated in the will.

1764

Deed: 228-332-15100 & 151001 June 3, 1764 Peter Metge to John Downing of Rowesgift Co. Derry and Anne Downing oth Rowe; Richard Jackson of Coleraine involved. NOTE: Capt. John DOWNING (1700-1785) wife Anne ROWE (1711-1776). His mother was Anne JACKSON (who died btw 1718-1726) daughter of John JACKSON (b. 1630 Kirby Lonsdale, Westmorland). I would have to look at the deed again to be certain which of the many Richard JACKSONs this one was.

1765

May 30, 1765 Will of Jane Innes of Jackson Hall. She was born Mary Jane JACKSON (aft1696-1765). She was the daughter of Captain William JACKSON (abt 1667-1712) of Coleraine and Elizabeth GORGES (-1747) of Kilbrew, Co. Meath.

1766

Deed: 253-170-162636. Richard JACKSON of Coleraine was executor of will of John MacKAY, Coleraine, d.1765

1767

Deed: 254-449-168704. Dec 2, 1767 Richard JACKSON of Colerain, Co Londonderry, Esq. Of 1st pt Charles DAWSON of Limerick in Co Limerick of 2nd pt & Peter METGE of Athlunmney, Co Meath Esq.... lands of Warrenstown, Co Meath...

1770

Deed: 28837-185572 Feb 10, 1770 Margaret & Mary KING daughters & Heirs of Maxwell KING late of Dublin Esq dec’d of 1st pt....Richard JACKSON of Forkhill, Co Armagh Esq Richard JACKSON of Colerain in Co Londonderry Esq & Thomas BALL of Seapark Esq Co Wicklow of 5th pt... transaction had consent of the 2 Richard JACKSONs...

Deed: 288-38- 185573 (continuation of above)

NOTE: These deeds may be a key to another puzzling connection.  A James BIRCH (?-1727) married a Mary JACKSON about whom we know nothing.  Her grand-daughter Mary BIRCH (1758-1844) married a John KING (?-1762) of Dromora whose parentage is unknown.

1771

The 3rd renewal of the original 1663 lease by the Rt. Hon. Richard JACKSON for a fine of £28.900 and a rental of £600 per annum. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1776

Richard JACKSON Esq was first listed for the Lisburn Borough of Antrim, but then made his election for Coleraine, Londonderry. SOURCE: Parliament of Ireland 1776.

1779

D1118/3/5/8. 28 Apr 1779 To David LaTouche Esq, his heirs …for £2000 Richard JACKSON … was to pay interest only for the sum of £5000 … and also to pay George HART interest NOTE: This is also in the Deeds Registry: 329-368-219853, and was transcribed by Dawn Lowe, and annotated by myself. Richard JACKSON (1729-1781) [aka Sir Richard JACKSON] had a bond dated Oct. 30, 1752 with Henry HART. There was also a deed of lease and release March 10-11, 1735 with William JACKSON (1695-1744) and his wife Frances EYRE (1708-?), to Elizabeth MOORE.

1780

1780-1902 JACKSON’s correspondence as an agent. SOURCE: PRONI D668 Hezlett Papers.

1780

Reference to lease August 1, 1780: ROD 718-473-491308. 1817 Aug 16. Sir George JACKSON Bart residing at Paris, Baronet of 1st part & Anthony Bart[?] VALLE of the Haymarket, Baker of the City of London, Merchant & George SPARKS, Exeter, Co. Devon & Thomas MILLS Esq.Middlesex... reciting 13th & 16th Mar 1803 between Suzanna BARTON, widow of the 1st part; George JACKSON of the 2nd part; the Bishop of Clonfort & Frans DODDs of the 3rd part... Susanna Julia Eliza OGLE orse BARTON wife of Col OGLE... lease dated 1st Aug 1780 .. Richard JACKSON of Forkhill, Esq... NOTE: This is the Sir George JACKSON (1776-1840) who died in Belguim, and before that had resided in Paris and London. Susanna BARTON was a sister of Richard JACKSON (1722-1787) of Forkhill. They were first cousins once removed of Sir George JACKSON (1776-1840). The Richard JACKSON of Forkhill is not to be confused with the Richard JACKSON, younger brother of Sir George JACKSON (1776-1840), who died in May 6, 1797 at Southampton Buildings, Chancery Lane, London.

1781

In the Killowen Parish Church, there is a memorial to Ann, the wife of the Rt. Hon. Richard Jackson of Jackson Hall Coleraine, daughter of Charles O'Neill of Shane's Castle, Antrim, who died in 1781. NOTE: Anne O’NEIL died August 6, 1781; her husband Richard JACKSON (b. aft 1729 and died aft 1781). See also Belfast Newsletter Aug 14-17, 1781: Early on Monday morning, the 6th inst, died, at Coleraine, Mrs. Ann Jackson, lady to the Right Hon. Richard Jackson; and most deservedly and deeply lamented by rich and poor; but chiefly by a fond and affectionate husband, whose grief and affliction is beyond description, further than by saying that it is in a measure proportioned to his loss, which is immense and irreparable.

1789

Deed: 409-532-269118. Jun 12 1789 Btw James STEWART of Gracehill, Co Antrim Esq &of 1st part & Richard JACKSON of Coleraine Co Londonderry & Elizabeth JACKSON his wife and James JACKSON, eldest son & heir apparent of 2nd part & John GALT & Charles GALT of Londonderry merchants of 3rd pt…. in consid of £400 pd by GALT to JACKSON.. tenement on the West side of the New Row in Town of Coleraine marked in Map of said town #28… description of land… NOTE: I do not know which part of the Coleraine JACKSON tree these belong to.

1793

The Marquess of Waterford, Henry de la Poer BERESFORD, bought out Sir George JACKSON, the heir of Richard JACKSON. Coleraine retained one seat at the Union, and the Beresfords continued to nominate for it. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  

1793

Thomas JACKSON, a butcher of Coleraine died supposedly aged 105.

1793

Deed: 458-555-297068. Mar 9, 1793 George JACKSON of Jacksons Hall, Co Londonderry Esq. .... lands in Coleraine

1793

Deed 489-72-306027 dated Nov 3, 1793. Richard JACKSON a butcher of the West side of New Row,  transferred lands to John SMITH in order to cover his debts to the Trustee who was responsible for the support of JACKSON’s wife Elizabeth. They had a son, James JACKSON who was older than 21 since he was a witness.

1801

George JACKSON [aka Sir George JACKSON (1776-1840)] , living in Surrey [Beach Hill], England is the final JACKSON holder of the original 1663 lease, and is in financial difficulties. He is spending money faster than he is earning it. He owes about £30,000 and has to borrow to pay the interest. He sold the lease to T.K. HANNYNGTON, who went bankrupt, and what was left was bought by ALEXANDERs. During this time, Jackson Hall became dilapidated, and was taken over by a Mrs. MAXWELL who had a robust enough fortune to be able to repair it. SOURCE: Coleraine in By-gone Centuries.  NOTE: The arms of Sir George JACKSON included three shovellers.

1802

In 1802 Robert Slade, secretary of the Irish Society, made a report to the governors entitled "Narrative of a Journey to the North of Ireland in the year 1802," from which the following is extracted: The road from Down Hill to Coleraine goes through the best part of the Clothworker's portion, which was held by the Right Honorable Richard Jackson, who was the Society's general agent. It is commonly reported in the country that, having been obliged to raise the rents of his tenants very considerably in consequence of the large fine he had to pay, it produced an almost total emigration among them to America, and that they formed a principal part of the undisciplined body which brought about the surrender of the British Army at Saratoga.  I think it right to add that Mr. Jackson was considered a man of the greatest honour and integrity, and that his memory is highly respected by all who knew him

1802

In 1802 Robert Slade, Secretary of the Irish Society [the corporate body for all of the Livery Companies with Co. Londonderry lands], inspected the different estates, publishing his report as "Narrative of a Journey to the North of  Ireland in 1802." It was reprinted in A Concise View of the Origin, Constitution and Proceedings . . . of The Irish Society, (London, 1842), cci-ccxvi.  Slade noted (pp. ccxii-ccxiii) that the territory from Down Hill to Coleraine was part of the Clothworkers' Proportion, which had been held by the late Rt. Hon. Richard Jackson, general agent for the Irish Society. The Clothworkers Proportion comprised the civil parishes of Killowen, Dunboe and Macosquin.  SOURCE: An Almost Total Emigration. Richard K. MacMaster

1817

In the Deeds Registry in Dublin, there is a memorial of a deed #718-473-491308, dated 1817 Aug 16. This mentions Sir George JACKSON Bart residing at Paris, Baronet of 1st part. It recites an earlier deed dated March 13th & 16th, 1803 between Susanna Barton &Anthony Bart[?] VALLE of the Haymarket, Baker of the City of London, Merchant & George SPARKS, Exeter, Co. Devon & Thomas MILLS Esq. Middlesex... reciting 13th & 16th Mar 1803 between Suzanna BARTON, widow of the 1st part. She was a sister of the Sir Richard JACKSON of Forkhill. He and Sir George of Bruges were both descended from William Jackson and Susan Beresford of Coleraine and were 1st cousins twice removed. Clearly, there were property entanglements that were still to be resolved. The deed refers to an earlier lease dated Aug 1st, 1780, while Richard JACKSON of Forkhill, Esq. was still alive. NOTE: Since it refers to this Richard JACKSON as Esq. not Sir, I suspect that the reference is to Sir George’s younger brother Richard.

1831

Randle JACKSON was a Master of the Clothworkers Company.  SOURCE: The Clothworkers Company Timeline.

1835

A description of view near Jackson Hall (see entry under 1669). SOURCE: A tour round Ireland, through the seacoast counties in the summer of 1835.. John Barrow

1837

Jackson's Hall, the seat of Mrs. Maxwell, occupies the site of an ancient castle, erected, in 1213, by Mac Ughtry, who in that year destroyed the abbey founded on the spot by St. Carbreus, in 540. SOURCE: A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland.

1838

The Clothworkers are among others who had let their manors to individual tenants for 61 years, and received large fines, with small yearly rents. The following sage remarks of the Irish Society, in 1838, have reference to this fact: “This estate is dependent on one life, Sir G. Jackson [NOTE: Sir George JACKSON (1776-1840) was age 62 – but I suspect it is him] now about seventy, and is held by Mr. Leslie Alexander (see p.577). The company have very prudently employed Mr. Oseland, the excellent manager of the Ironmongers’ estate, which adjoins this, to inquire into and overlook the management of this proportion, with the view of taking it into their own hands when the life falls. A Special Census of Northern Ireland, Pynnars Survey of Landholders. George Hill. p.584.

 

 

 

 

 

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