Comparing OLIVERs in Armagh 1901 Census to 1911 Census
NOTE: In the table beneath, the 1901 census results are not shaded, while the 1911 Census is shaded in green. Also, I shaded one family in blue to make them stand out. They were the only Protestant OLIVER family who did not sign the 1912 Ulster Covenant Petition. In the century preceeding that petition, there had been a number of Protestant OLIVERs who had clearly been advocates for Catholic rights, but they had all either left Armagh prior to 1901, or else had converted to Catholicism in the mid-1800s. The OLIVERs who had left Armagh in the 19th Century had earned their living as either merchants and/or lessees of mills and large farms in the area. They had been settled in Armagh since the mid-1600s. A few possible reasons occur to me with respect to why this particular family from Umgola didn't sign. It could have been because they were illiterate, or it could have been a reflection of their political beliefs. It could also have been because of where they lived and who their neighbours were. We will likely never know. It is however interesting to see what pops up when you look carefully at Census results and start to separate the trees from the forests.
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