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Villiers Alweyn Caesar Hawkins
Florence Celia Cowper
|Born: Jan 15 1860
|Died: March 30, 1945
||Died: July 4, 1947
|Father: Villiers William Caesar HAWKINS
||Father: Major J. COWPER
|Mother: Emily DALY
Married: February 14, 1888 (SOURCE:
Burke's Peerage & Baronetage)
June 16, 2008 update:
Birthdate of HAWKINS - Jan 15, 1860. SOURCE: Who's Who in the Far East, 1906-1907. This is a couple of years after the marriage of his parents at Demerara.
Marriage of HAWKINS parents: SOURCE: London Times Marriages. HAWKINS - DALY: On the 15th ult., at Demerara, by the Rev. William Fox, M.A., Villiers W Caesar Hawkins, Esq., Assistant Commissary-General, son of Sir John Caesar Hawkins, Bart., to Emily, youngest daughter of the Hon. John Daly, Administrator-General of Demerara and Essequibo. 1858 1 27 (NOTE: The United Colony (Essequibo and Demerara) and the Colony of Berbice became the Colony of British Guiana in 1831.)
HAWKINS' uncle (Emily's only brother). SOURCE: The Colonist MONDAY JANUARY 4 1864 P.2 COL .4 Married DALY‐BALDWIN ‐At St. Swithin's Church, Demerary, by the Lord Bishop of the Diocese, asst. by the Ven. Archdeacon Jones, John Daly, Esq., Stipendiary Magistrate, British Guiana, only Son of the Hon. John Daly, Administrator‐General of Demerary & Essequebo, to Jane Maria, eldest Daughter of J.A. Baldwin, Esq., of Head View, Lismore, Waterford, Ireland.
NOTE: There is an Honorable John DALY of Cork who is mentioned in January 1884 as being: “Steward of the Manor of Northstead” which I take to mean that he was an MP.
2006 update: HAWKINS had son known as "Toby" HAWKINS who was a partner
in Harwoods, the solicitors for the London Bank.
July 1, 2008 update: His full name was Villiers Frederick Caesar, born at the Peak in Hong Kong on Nov 26 1888 (a respectful nine months after his parent's marriage) and died without issue in 1970. His wife, Emma JOHO of Zurick died in 1979. This leaves little in the way of family options for learning more.
January 8, 2013 update: HAWKINS was said to be a "cousin" of Sir Thomas
JACKSON. For years, I tried to discern such a link, but have concluded that the information was a red herring. There was a distant family link that is so complex that I won't try to detail it - only to say that it involves a half sister of Emily DALY, mother of HAWKINs. This half sister linked up in turn with the DARE family, related to Sir Thomas JACKSON's wife, Amelia Lydia DARE.
I have found
some HAWKINS connections to Gilford Castle which I have in the JOHNSTON
family tree. They
are too far back in time for proof of any reliable connection. The
name "VILLIERS" was also known in Ireland and there are also
a few JACKSON connections to it. Again, still very much in the territory
of the far-fetched hunch. The connection may be through his mother,
the DALY line, but I have yet to begin on that possibility. Sharon
Oddie Brown, February 21, 2006.
The following transcriptions come to me
thanks to the generosity of Wendy JACK. July 12, 2005
|The Times Death Notice - 3 Apr 1945; pg 1
HAWKINS. - On March 30, 1945, at Cheltenham, VILLIERS ALWYNE CAESAR
HAWKINS, of 35, Phillimore Gardens, Kensington, London, late of
Hongking and Shanghai Banking Corporation, aged 85. Please, no letters
and no flowers.
The Times Wills - 20 Aug 1945; pg 6
WILLS AND BEQUESTS
Among other wills are the following:-
HAWKINS, Mr. Villiers Alwyn Caesar, of Phillimore Gardens, W. ..
.. .. £127,112
The Times Death Notice - 7 Jul 1947; pg 1
HAWKINS. - On July 4, 1947, at 35, Phillimore Gardens, Kensington,
W.8, FLORENCE CELIA, wife of the late VILLIERS ALWEYN HAWKINS. Funeral
private. No flowers.
UPDATE: February 16, 2006
Thanks to Venetia Bowman-Vaughan, I also now know a bit more
about this Mr. HAWKINS - particularly the date of his marriage
and that his wife was the only child of Major J. COWPER of the 15th Regiment.
More to come!
UPDATE - February 21, 2006
Again, thanks to Venetia Bowman-Vaughan, I also know that he was
the second son of Villiers William Caesar HAWKINS who was himself
the youngest of nine boys. His mother, Emily DALY was the daughter
of Hon John DALY.
NOTE: The information that I have beneath comes
primarily from two sources: The Group Archives of the Hongkong Shanghai
Bank and Frank H.H. King's extensive four volume "History of the
Hongkong Shanghai Bank".
||Joins London Office of HSBC
||East to join Hong Kong office
Hong Kong, in charge of Books Department, salary of $175, increased
by $50. in September
||Hong Kong, salary of $250.
||On leave and given permission to marry
||Batavia (now Jakarta, Indonesia) acting Agent
||San Francisco, acting Agent
||Hong Kong, Chief Accountant
||Hong Kong, acting Sub-Manager
||Hong Kong, Sub-Manager
||Hong Kong, Sub-Manager
||Inspector of Branches
||Resigns due to ill health
||Appointed a director of HSBC and member of the Finance Committee.
Notes from H.H. King’s Vol 1 of The History of the Hongkong and
Shanghai Banking Corporation.
p. 483 "In 1898...Jackson felt justified in taking a five
weeks' leave at the end of April, and the Bank was left in charge of the
Hong Kong Sub-Manager, V.A. Caesar Hawkins (East in 1882). Interestingly,
in view of future developments, Jackson informed the Board on his return
that he was well satisfied with Hawkin's management."
p. 585 "V.A.Caesar Hawkins, disappointed in the post-Jackson era,
left the Bank in 1907, and was later a director and member of the Finance
Committee of the Imperial Bank of Persia*, of which Sir Thomas Jackson
was chairman." *MY NOTE: Now called The British Bank of the Middle
East or BBME. The BBME began as the Imperial Bank of Persia, established
in 1889 with a Royal charter from Queen Victoria, and a Concession from
the Government of Persia, making it the state bank of Persia. The official
history of the BBME is entitled "Banking and Empire in Iran"
by Dr. Geoffrey Jones. In 1959, the BBME was acquired the Hong Kong and
Shanghai Banking Corporation and was actually renamed HSBC Bank Middle
East in 1999..
p. 608 The passage with Thompson BROWN as "gardener" mentions
HAWKINS along with Sir Thomas JACKSON as they all disembarked from the
"Way-fung" - three family members in one swat!
Notes from F. H.H. King’s Vol 2 of The History of the Hongkong
and Shanghai Banking Corporation.
P.12 “On March 15, 1882, J.R.M. Smith and V.A.C. Hawkins left
England for the East together, in 1884 Smith in Shanghai and Hawkins in
Hong Kong received additional pay for their handling of tasks usually
assigned a more senior officer, and in 1902 they were both in Hong Kong,
both eligible to be appointed Chief Manager as Jackson’s successor.”
P. 14. Hawkins had been Chief Accountant as well as Sub-Manager at the
Hong Kong Branch. He was also briefly Manager of Batavia, but otherwise
he never left Head Office. When the decision in favour of Smith (to succeed
TJ) was made, it is noted: “That the directors were aware of
Hawkins claim is evidenced by their award to him of a solatium in the
form of a salary increase; he was appointed Inspector of Branches until
either Shanghai or San Francisco should be available”.
P. 15 “There is no record of Jackson’s own position. (With
respect to the choice of his successor.) The list of Smith’s appointments
suggests that Jackson may have been consciously preparing him for the
succession; this is the most likely interpretation of the events. But
it is unquestionably possible that Jackson was grooming his Sub-Manager
Hawkins for the succession; if so, there were two problems: first Hawkins
abilities were not universally acknowledged in the Bank and, secondly,
Hawkins would appear to be a cousin of Jackson’s. The private meeting
(of the Board of Directors with Jackson absent from his usual role of
Secretary) would save Jackson from any embarrassment or, perhaps, responsibility
for a choice that must be that of the directors.”
“When Jackson visited Shanghai en route Home ... he seemed despondent
...One obvious interpretation is that Jackson was suffering the pain of
leaving Hong Kong and all it had meant to him, but there are other interpretations
which these thoughts and the subsequent association of Jackson and Hawkins
on the board of the Imperial Bank of Persia make possible. (MY
NOTE: With respect to the reference to the Imperial Bank of Persia. Remember
Samuel Gilmore’s family memory of involvement with Persian stock
P. 161 With the death of David
Jackson (1903) Hawkins was sent to replace him at Yokohama. Hawkins
went on leave in 1907 and retired for health reasons.
This retiring for health reasons is intriguing, as the following notes
from Banking and Empire in Iran by
Geoffrey Jones, Hongkong and Shanghai banking Corporation, 1986 will show:
p.77 "In March 1908 Jackson invited another former Hongkong
Bank man, V. A. Caesar Hawkins, to join the Board. Hawkins
had been Chief Inspector of the Hongkong Bank, but had resigned in 1907,
possibly because he felt he stood no further chance of promotion. As we
shall see later, immediately after his appointment to the Board, Hawkins
was sent to Persia on a mission which made full use of his Inspector's
talents. He was to remain on the Board until September 1939."
p.96 ". In 1908 one director, V. A. Caesar Hawkins,
calculated that the Bank only handled about 6.5% of Persia's foreign trade
financing.(SEE: V.A. Caesar Hawkins to T. Jackson,
29 July 1908, X8/5, BBME – Archives of the British Bank of the Middle
p. 108 "There was little gratitude for Rabino's achievements.
Sir Thomas Jackson, who succeeded as Chairman after Sir
Lepel Griffin's death on 9 March 1908, did observe to the shareholders
at the Bank's nineteenth ordinary general meeting that Rabino had devoted
'unwearied attention to the interest of the Bank'. But the Board's private
feelings were more revealing. Caesar Hawkins, sent out
to Tehran during Rabino's last months, observed that as soon as Rabino's
resignation had been made public, British members of the Bank's staff
had started to criticise the Chief Manager. 'I think the following remark',
Hawkins wrote to Jackson in July 1908,
'is worth recording which was made by one of them -"The IBP is now
going to be a white man's bank not a Levantines." It was a less than
generous epitaph to the man without whom the Imperial Bank might never
p. 122 "Caesar Hawkins was on a small
committee involved in the allotments for the underwriting of a loan to
the Persian government of £1 250 000."
p. 129 "There was also a considerable interlocking at director
level between the Bank and the British companies in southern Persia. General
Sir T. E. Gordon was one of the three directors of the Persian Transport
Company. Charles Greenway's appointment to the Bank's Board in 1910 linked
it to the oil company and when the Persian Railways Syndicate was established
in the following year Greenway was its Chairman and Caesar Hawkins
p. 183 "The Bank’s strategy during the War was, as
with the Persian government, to recover debts and restrict new lending.
By 1915 Chief Office was practically refusing to undertake any new business.
This policy was enthusiastically supported by the Board in London. In
September 1917, for example, Caesar Hawkins – Chairman
of the Finance Committee – expressed his delight that Shiraz’s
lending business had drastically fallen,’especially as exchange
gives higher profits’.Two managers received the OBE after WWI."
p. 211 "A table showing the Imperial Bank’s Board in 1936
shows V.A. Caesar Hawkins to be 76 years old (hence born
in 1860). He joined the Board in 1908."
p. 292 "V.A. Caesar Hawkins retired in September
1939 after 32 years service on the Board."