|TIMELINES RELATING TO FAMILY HISTORY||Updated June 25, 2003|
|Date||Notable Persons & Events relating to our Family History|
|1811|| - Prince of Wales appointed Regent due to George III's insanity.
-Birth of Francis MCCONNELL
-27 April, birth of Mary Jane DILL
-Birth of Wellington GILMORE
-24 June, birth of Sarah JACKSON
|1812|| -Birth of George Birch McCONNELL
- June 28. Death of Elizabeth BIRCH
|1813||- First recorded "12th of July" sectarian riots take place
-Birth of Rachel GILMORE
|1814||-Birth of Isobella DILL
-Birth of John MCCONNELL
- January 16 death of George BIRCH
-4 February, birth of David JACKSON (father of Sir Thomas Jackson)
|1815||- British under Wellington defeated French under Napoleon
|1816||-Birth of Sarah MCCULLAGH
-Birth of Hugh MCCONNELL
|1817||- Typhus plague ( 50,000 deaths by end of 1819)
-Birth of John Marcus DILL
-Birth of Robert Gordon DILL
- death of John JACKSON
|1818||- death of William DILL
- February 27, death of Samuel BRADFORD
|1819||- death of Elinor
- May 28 death of Jane WATSON
23 July, birth of Caroline GILMORE
|1820||- George III dies, George IV accedes to the throne.
-Birth of Francis John DILL
- death of Thomas Ledlie BIRCH
- October 1, death of Allan MARTIN
- October 10, death of James Jackson BIRCH
|1822||- Percy Bysshe Shelley dies
-Birth of Richard DILL
- January 29, death of Wellington GILMORE
- December 31, death of Alexander GILMORE
|1823||- October 3, death of James Birch BLACK
-Birth of Elizabeth DILL
-Birth of Augusta WALE
|1824||- death of Phocian DARE
-22 January, birth of Mary Jane MCCULLAGH
- October 19, death of Ellen GILMORE
- There are 9,000 hedge schools in Ireland
|1825||- Thomas D'Arcy McGee born in Carlingford, Co. Louth (Canadian politician)
- February 5th, death of Caroline GILMORE
- February 24th, death of Francis MCCONNELL
- July 12th, death of Elizabeth BRADFORD
- August 20, death of Robert Johnston BIRCH
|1826||-Birth of Mary DILL
- November 17, death of Rachel GILMORE
|1827||- poet William Blake died
-Birth of Esther MCCULLAGH (approx)
- October 28, death of George BIRCH
|1828||- Anti Catholic "Brunswick Clubs" are founded
- February 29, death of Sarah JACKSON
- April 12, death of Thomas Ledlie BIRCH
|1829||- Andrew Jackson becomes USA 7th President
-Birth of Thomas Murdock MCCULLAGH (aprox)
-6 July, birth of William REID
|1830||- George IV dies, William IV accedes to the throne.
- over 40% of the British Army is Irish
- death of Rebecca NEWELL
- September 18, death of George Watson BIRCH
|1831||- August 14, death of Rachel BIRCH
- September 17, death of Marcus DILL
|1832||- 1832-34 First Irish railway is constructed (Dublin - Kingstown).
- Parliamentary Reform Act increases electorate to 1.2% of population
|1833|| - death of Marcus DILL
-Birth of Jane DILL
-Birth of George Talbot BIRCH
|1834||- Timothy Eaton born near Ballymena, Co. Antrim. (Eatons store in Canada)
-Birth of Francis Hamilton MOORE
- July 29, death of Eliezer Birch GILMORE
- November 27, death of Sarah MARTIN
|1835||-Birth of Rev. Hugh EDGAR of Aghauville
-9 June, birth of James MCCULLAGH
|1836||- January 28, death of John BIRCH
- July 1, death of Arabella MARTIN
- November 25th, death of Isabella LEDLIE
-Birth of John Marcus MOORE
|1837||- William IV dies & Victoria accedes to the throne
-Birth of Thompson BROWN
- June 18, death of James BIRCH
- July 8, death of George Birch Oceanus HILL
-Birth of Edward Hume BIRCH
- December 12, death of Adam BIRCH
|1838|| -The Sirius - first steam power only crossing of Atlantic, Queenstown
- New York
-Death of Catherine DILL
-Death of Randal William McDonel JOHNSTON
-Birth of Elizabeth MOORE
|1839||-Birth of John JACKSON (older brother of
Sir Thomas JACKSON)
-Death of Robert Gordon DILL
-21 April, birth of Robert MOOREHEAD
|1840||-Birth of John COULTER
-Birth of George Mildmay DARE
-2 April, birth of Isobella Dill MOORE
|1841||-Ireland's first commercial photography studio opens in Dublin
-4 June, birth of Sir Thomas JACKSON
-Birth of John Julius DARE
-Birth of William R. BROWNE
-Death of Mary DILL
|1842||- 2nd railway line connecting Belfast, Lisburn & Portadown is opened.
- Abstinence crusade at its peak - 3,000,000 pledged adherents (out of 8,000,000 population).
|1843||- Thackeray publishes "The Irish Sketch Book".
-29 January, birth of Elizabeth JACKSON (sister of Sir Thomas JACKSON)
-Birth of Hugh William MOORE
-19 July, birth of John Jackson BROWNE
- November 29, death of John Marcus DILL
|1844||- Thackeray publishes "The Luck of Barry Lyndon"
-23 November, birth of Mary JACKSON (sister of Sir Thomas JACKSON)
|1845|| - death of Caroline JULIUS
-Birth of Eliezer GILMORE
|1846||- 3/4 of potato harvest fails & first deaths from starvation reported.
- death of Marcus John MOORE
-October 9, death of Margaret HENRY
-8 April, birth of Andrew Coulter Bradford JACKSON
-1 August, birth of Eliza Emily GILMORE (see letters which she wrote)
|1847|| -Bram Stoker born in Dublin
-Birth of Susannah M. EDGAR
- March 27, death of Hamilton BIRCH
- May 10, death of Andrew Coulter BRADFORD
-Birth of John MCCULLAGH (approx)
|1848||- January 29, death of Francis DILL
-1 April, birth of Sarah JACKSON (sister of Sir Thomas JACKSON)
|1849||- 20 Catholics killed by soldiers during Orange Parade, near Castlewellan,
- Queens Colleges open at Belfast, Cork & Galway.
-28 July, birth of Daniel Francis BROWNE
|1850||- Party Processions Act bans provocative sectarian meetings & parades.
- death of Isabella Anna Jane BIRCH
- death of Hugh William MOORE
- February 12, death Allan MARTIN
|1851||- January 12, death of Mary Jane DILL|
|1852||- Britain & Ireland linked by submarine telegraph cable.
-15 October, birth of Sarah MCCULLAGH (married WHITESIDE)
-3 April, birth of Margaret JACKSON (sister of Sir Thomas JACKSON)
|1853||- Income Tax is extended to Ireland.
- death of John MOORE
- October 16, death of Francis DILL
|1854||- Oscar Wilde born in Dublin
- death of Richard DILL
- March, death of Allan MARTIN
- October 28, death of George Birch MCCONNELL
-23 November, birth of Thomas MCCULLAGH
|1855||-16 November, birth of David JACKSON (HSBC & Order of the Rising Son)|
|1856||- death of George Julius DARE|
|1857||- 10 days of riots spaked in Belfast by "12th of July" speech
to Orangemen by Thomas Drew.
- August 13, death of Sarah MCCULLAGH
-Birth of George William JACKSON
|1859||-15 August, death of James BIRCH
-14 November, death of Richard DILL
-28 November death of George William JACKSON
|1860||-10 February, death of Ann BIRCH
-1 September, birth of William Sherlock WHITESIDE
|1861||-American Civil War begins. 150,000 Irish serve with Union & 40,000 with Confederacy|
|1862||-12 April, death of William R. BROWNE
-7 September, birth of Thomas BARTLEY
|1863||-24% of recruits to Indian Civil Service are Irish.
-death of Thomas Murdock MCCULLAGH (approx)
-19 January, death of Isobella HAMILTON
-13 October,death of Elizabeth BIRCH
|1864||-two weeks of rioting in Belfast.
- Compulsory marriage registry begun, 61% of grooms & 49% of brides can sign their name.
-Birth of Dora Elizabeth ELLIOT
-death of WIlliam Denny BIRCH
|1865||-William Butler Yeats born in Dublin|
|1866||-Fenians conduct brief raid on Quebec under name IRA (1st use of acronym)
- submarine cable between Valentia Island, Co. Kerry to Newfoundland.
-Birth of George Birch MCCONNELL
- Birth of William REID
|1867||-Irish largest anglophone ethnic group in Canada
- Confederation of Canada
-Birth of Robert Dill MOORHEAD
-February, death of Daniel Francis BROWNE
|1868||-Gladstone becomes British Prime Minister.
- Thomas D'Arcy McGee assassinated in Ottawa after condemning Fenianism
-Birth of Mary Towers MCCONNELL
-Birth of Mary Josephine MOORHEAD
-21 August, birth of Thompson BROWN
-28 December, birth of Margaret Louisa WRIGHT (wife of David JACKSON of HSBC)
-Death of Mary Anna HODGE
|1870||-The Irish National Foresters secedes from (British) Ancient Order of
-last Fenian raids on Canada (led by Col. John O’Neill from Vermont).
-Belfast Telegraph founded to further interests of the Orange Order.
-End of Red River Rebellion, Manitoba becomes a Canadian Province.
-Franco-Prussian War, France declares war on Prussia, Napoleon III capitulates at Sedan.
-Charles Dickens died.
-Tchaikovsky premier of Romeo and Juliet in Moscow.
-John D. Rockefeller founds Standard Oil Co.
2 November, birth of Elizabeth BROWN
|1871||16% of the adult male Irish population entitled to vote (34% in England).
-British Columbia joins Dominion of Canada
-William I, King of Prussia, proclaimed German Emperor at Versailles.
-Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll published.
-Middlemarch by George Eliot published.
-The Descent of Man by Charles Darwin published.
-Verdi’s Aïda performed in Cairo.
-Pneumatic rock drill invented.
-P.T. Barnum opens his circus The Greatest Show on Earth.
-S.S. Oceanic, White Star Line launched first of the large modern luxury liners.
-Death of John DILL
|1872||-Sectarian rioting Aug 15-20 in Belfast.
-Ballot Act in Britain, voting by secret ballot.
-Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne.
-Jesuits expelled from Germany.
-Bertrand Russell born.
-Edison perfects the duplex telegraph.
-William Thomson (Lord Kelvin) invents machine for ships to take accurate soundings
-16 March, birth of John Marcus MOORHEAD
-5 November, birth of Mary MENARY
-Death of John COULTER
-14 July, death of Francis MCCONNELL
|1873||-Tchaikovsky Symphony No. 2 performed in Moscow.
-Colour photographs first developed.
-Gunsmith firm, E. Remington & Sons produce first typewriters.
-Home Rule Confederation of Great Britain is founded in Manchester.
-Home rule League is founded in Dublin.1873 Autobiography by John Stuart Mill. He died later in the year.
-Anna Karenina by Tolstoy
-Cézanne The Straw Hat.
-Bruckner Symphony no. 2 performed in Vienna.
-Rimsky-Korsakov Ivan the Terrible performed in Moscow
|1874||-Home Rulers are returned in a February general election. Gladstone
(British PM) resigns.
-Home Rule vote in British Parliament rejected 458 to 61.1874 Winston Churchill born.
-Far From the Madding Crowd by Thomas Hardy.
-First Impressionist exhibition in Paris - name from Monet’s Impression: Sunrise.
-Renoir La Loge.
-Brahms, Hungarian Dances.
-Birth of Arnold Schönberg.
-Johann Strauss II Die Fledermaus operetta performed in Vienna.
-pressure cooking methods for canning foods introduced in US.
-Birth of Somerset Maugham in Paris of Irish ancestry
-Birth of Gugliemo Marconi in Bologna (Irish & Italian ancestry)
-27 May, birth of Amy Oliver JACKSON (second child of Sir Thomas JACKSON)
-6 June, birth of Acheson George Henry GILMORE
-17 August, death of Margaret BRADFORD
-6 September, death of Mary Towers MCCONNELL
-7 September, death of Edith Bradford JACKSON
|1875||-10,000 horse-operated threshing machines in Ireland.
-The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain.
-Bizet’s Carmen performed in Paris. He died later in the year.
-Trial by Jury the first Gilbert & Sullivan operetta performed.
-Tchaikovsky Concerto No. 1, Op. 23 performed in Boston.
-London’s main sewage system is completed.
-Birth of James USSHER
-Birth of James WRIGHT
-Death of Mary Jane OLIVER (approx)
|1876|| -Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone
-29 January, birth of Mary Jane GILMORE
14 June, Thomas Dare JACKSON (Son of Sir Thomas JACKSON & Amelia Lydia DARE)
-Birth of Eva Oliver REED
-January, death of John Jackson BROWNE
-29 February, death of Sarah MURDOCK
|1877||-Parnell elected Pres. Of Home Rule Confederation of
-College of Physicians licences its first female practitioner.
-Buenos Aires has an Irish population of 25,000.
-Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India.
-The Pillars of Society by Ibsen.
-The Blue Cross founded to fight alcoholism.
-Rodin The Age of Bronze sculpture.
-Brahms Symphony No. 2 Op 75
-Edison invents the phonograph
-First public telephones (USA)
8 March 1877 James Birch GILMORE
-17 March, death of Thomas MCCULLAGH
-26 May, death of John COULTER
-23 July, birth of George BROWN
-17 August, birth of Jeannie Coulter JACKSON
-7 December, birth of Charles Andrews MOORHEAD
|1878||-19 May, birth of Maud Elizabeth REED
-11 December, death John WILLIAMS
|1879|| -10,000 attend land agitation meeting at Irishtown, Co. Mayo.
-Irish National Land League founded in Dublin. Parnell is first President.
-Both Stalin & Trotsky are born.
-Ibsen A Doll’s House
-Daisy Miller Henry James.
-The Red Room Strindberg.
-First electric tram exhibited by E.W. Siemens at Berlin Trade Exhibition.
-Albert Einstein born.
- London’s first telephone exchange established.
-19 June birth of Thomas Jackson BROWN (my grandfather)
-5 May, birth of Thomas Dare JACKSON
-21 October, birth of Francis Gordon JACKSON (grandfather of Ian JACKSON)
--Birth of Marion Elizabeth ARCOLL
-Death of John Julius DARE (brother-in-law of Sir Thomas JACKSON)
-Death of Sarah Strieve DARE (mother of John Julius DARE-both died of cholera)
22 February, Mary Jane MCCONNELL
|1880||-Parnell elected in General Election, Chairman of Irish
-Lord Erne’s crops are harvested by 50 Cavan Orangemen protected by 1,000 policemen.
-Trial of Parnell & others for conspiracy begins.
-Dublin Mean Time is introduced, 25 minutes behind Greenwich Mean Time.
-First commercial electricity in Ireland generated by Dublin Electric Light Company.
-Telephone exchanges open in Dublin & Belfast.
-The Brothers Karamazov by Dostoevsky.
-Uncle Remus J.C. Harris.
-Helen Keller born.
-Rodin The Thinker
-Canned fruits and meats first appear in stores.
-Parcel Post introduced in England.
-Birth of Margaret Hamilton REED
-Death of Elizabeth MCCULLAGH
-Death of Francis Hamilton MOORE
17 November, death of Joseph BARKLEY
7 December, death of James MCCULLAGH
|1881||-2nd Gladstone Land Act & sets up Land Commission (fair rent, fixed
tenure & free sale).
-Parnell arrested for attacking Land Act. Agrarian violence increases.
-9 April, birth of Andrew Hugh Gilmore JACKSON
-25 May, birth of Thomas Jackson REID
-10 July, birth of Jane Edgar BROWNE (my grandmother)
16 September, death of Robert Hamilton REED
-14 October, birth of Margaret Anna REID
|1882||-Two politicians assassinated by “The Invincibles” (extremist
society) in Dublin.
-James Joyce born in Dublin
-Birth of Frances Olive BROWN (approx)
|1883|| World’s first hydro-electric tramway, from Portrush to the Giant’s
-4 June George Julius JACKSON (fifth child of Sir Thomas JACKSON & Amelia Lydia DARE)
-3 October 1883, birth of Elizabeth Oliver GILMORE
|1884||-Dublin-Belfast trunk telephone routes are installed.
-Franchise extended to most male householders. Rural electorate increases greatly.
-Gerard Manley Hopkins appointed to Chair of Greek at University College, Dublin
- Redistribution of Seats Act enacted. Electorate triples in size
(from 226,000 to 738,000).
|1886||-Irish hierarchy formally endorses Home Rule.
-Gladstone (now supporting Home Rule) introduces bill, defeated 341-311
-A summer of serious rioting in Belfast.
-Gladstone defeated as PM. Salisbury takes over again.
-Guinness incorporated as a public company
-Stock exchange established in Cork.
21 July, death of John JACKSON
-Birth of Sarah Margaret BROWN
|1887||21 July, death of Edward Hume BIRCH, age 50|
|1888||-Cecil Rhodes (South African statesman) sends £10,000
to Parnell to support Home Rule.
-80 die & 400 injured in crash of two trains between Armagh & Warrenpoint.
-World’s first pneumatic tyre factory opens in Dublin.
-William Morris The Decorative Arts.
-Gilbert & Sullivan H.M.S. Pinafore
-First bicycles manufactured in US
-German engineer builds first motorized tricycle (top speed 7 mph).
-Electric street lighting introduced in London.
-Birth of Thomas Jackson GILMORE
-Death of Francis John DILL
|1890||-Birth of Herbert E. BROWN
-Birth of Mary MCCULLAGH (approx)
-27 January, birth of Edith Eileen GILMORE
-8 March, birth of Walter David Russell JACKSON (seventh child of Sir Thomas JACKSON)
-13 July, birth of Elizabeth Oliver Muriel JACKSON
-18 April, death of John MCCONNELL
-30 December, death of Jane MARTIN
|1891|| -The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde
-9 November, death of Mary Watson BIRCH
|1892||-12,000 delegates at Ulster convention in Belfast oppose any Home Rule
- Gladstone re-elected to 4th Parliament.
-30 January, birth of Claude Stewart JACKSON (8th child of Sir Thomas Jackson)
- Death of Margaret Hamilton REED
- 6 February, death of Sarah JACKSON (Aunt of Sir Thomas JACKSON)
- 6 April, death of Robert MCCULLAGH
-24 May, death of Daniel Gunn BROWNE
|1893||-Gladstone introduces 2nd Home Rule Bill passed by
Commons, rejected by Lords (419-416)
-1 October, birth of Thomas Clair WHITESIDE
-20 November, death of Robert MOORHEAD
|1894||-Birth of Alice Margaret MCCULLAGH (approx)
-22 April, death of Rev. Hugh EDGAR of Aghauville
|1895||-Stock exchange established in Belfast.
-Wilde’s An Ideal Husband and The Importance of being Earnest premier in London
-Birth of Andrew ALEXANDER
-April, birth of Kathleen HUNTER
18 April 1895, birth of Elemer FABIAN .
|1896||Women appointed to local government posts for the first time in Ireland.
-4 November, birth of George David MCCULLAGH
8 January, birth of Jozsa SARLO
-death of Robert James BIRCH
|1897||-November, birth of John MCCULLAGH
-31 March, Mary Margaret GREEN
-Death of Robert Dill MOORHEAD
-21 July, death of Andrew Bradford MCCULLAGH
|1898||-Centenary of 1798 rebellion leads to formation of separatist “‘98
-Women gain the right to stand for election to district councils.
-Marconi tests his radio invention between Rathlin Island and the Mainland.
-C.S. Lewis born in Belfast.
-24 April, death of Hugh MCCONNELL
-15 September, death of Mary REID
-Boer War commences. 28,000 Irishmen fight on British side; 400 for the Boers.
-16 July, death of Elizabeth Oliver GILMORE
|1900||-7 June, birth of Mary BARTLEY|
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